Radiography of the uterus and fallopian tubes after the injection of radiopaque material.

Extended Definition:

Hysterosalpingography is used in female reproductive system disorder diagnosis; determination of disorders of the female reproductive system based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests. Hysterosalpingography is an x-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes that involves the injection of dye through the cervix.
This test shows the structures of the uterus and fallopian tubes to determine if there are any blockages or other problems. The test is usually done as part of an infertility examination. Abnormal results may indicate uterine tumors, intrauterine adhesions, developmental disorders, obstruction of the fallopian tubes, trauma, tubal adhesions, presence of foreign bodies, or ectopic pregnancy.
This test does carry risks such as endometrial infection (endometritis), fallopian tube infection (salpingitis), perforation of the uterus, allergic reaction to the contrast dye.
Hysterosalpingography should not be performed if you have pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), experiencing unexplained vaginal bleeding, or are currently menstruating. Report any signs or symptoms of infection to your health care provider immediately. Symptoms may include vaginal discharge, pain, or fever.

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